The Compression Bulletin is a SIGVARIS bi-annual publication that provides discussions and summaries of scientific articles on compression therapy, realized by world-renowned experts in phlebology such as Prof. H. Partsch, Prof. E. Rabe, Dr. F. Pannier and Dr. B. Partsch.

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  • 35
    • Control of lower extremity edema in patients with diabetes: double-blind randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of mild compression diabetic socks.
    • Effects of compression stockings on elevation of leg lymph pumping pressure and improvement of quality of life in healthy female volunteers: A randomized controlled trial.
    • Compression use in the era of endovenous interventions and wound care centres.
    • Acceptance, compliance and effects of compression stockings on venous functional symptoms and quality of life of Italian pregnant women.
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  • 34

    Comprehensive overview of the 2017 Consensus Manuscript

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  • 33

    - Eliciting patients’ preferences for elastic compression stocking therapy after deep vein thrombosis: potential for improving compliance

    - Compression therapy – current practice of care: level of knowledge in patients with venous leg ulcers

    - Impact of compression stockings vs continuous positive airway pressure on overnight fluid shift and obstructive sleep apnea among patients on dialysis

    - A randomized crossover trial on the effect of compression stockings on nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
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  • 30
    • Editor’s choice – Management of chronic venous disease: Clinical practice guidelines of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS)
    • Compression therapy: Scienti c background and practical applications
    • A study of leg edema in immobile patients 
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  • 29
    • Compression stockings in the management of fractures of the ankle. A randomized controlled trial
    • Randomised controlled trial comparing European standard class 1 to class 2 compression stockings for ulcer recurrence and patient compliance
    • Donning devices (foot flips and frames) enable elderly people with severe chronic venous insufficiency to put on compression stockings
    Languages EN DE
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  • 28
    • Graduated compression stockings to treat acute leg pain associated with proximal DVT. A randomized controlled trial.
    • Prospective 12-year follow-up study of clinical and hemodynamic sequelae after deep vein thrombosis in low-risk patients (Zurich Study)
    • Efficacy of a short course of complex lymphedema therapy or graduated compression stocking therapy in the treatment of post-thrombotic syndrome
    • Clinical and cost-effectiveness of compression hosiery versus compression bandages in the treatment of venous leg ulcers (Venous leg Ulcer Study IV, VenUS IV): a randomized controlled trial
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  • 27
    • Post-thrombotic syndrome 3 years after deep vein thrombosis in the thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in out-patients (TULIPA) PLUS Registry
    • Randomized trial of effect of compression stockings in patients with symptomatic proximal vein thrombosis
    • Below-knee elastic compression stockings to prevent the post-thrombotic syndrome
    • Compression stockings to prevent post-thrombotic syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
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  • 26
    • Chronic venous disease progression and modification of predisposing factors
    • Compression stockings after endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein: a prospective randomized controlled trial
    • Compression stockings have a synergistic effect with walking in the late afternoon to reduce edema of the lower limbs
    • Development of combined two-piece elastic stockings
    • Effectiveness of intermittent pneumatic compression in reduction of risk of deep vein thrombosis in patients who have had a stroke (CLOTS 3): a multicenter randomized controlled trial
    • Thigh-length versus below-knee compression elastic stockings for prevention of the post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with proximal-venous thrombosis: a randomized trial
    • Compression stockings significantly improve hemodynamic performance in post-thrombotic syndrome irrespective of class or length
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  • 25
    • Randomised controlled trial comparing European standard class 1 to class 2 compression stockings for ulcer recurrence and patient compliance
    • Efficacy and comfort of medical compression stockings with low and moderate pressure six weeks after vein surgery
    • Variability of interface pressure produced by ready-to-wear compression stockings
    • Efficacy of gradual pressure-decline compression stockings in Asian patients with lower leg varicose veins: analysis by general measurements and magnetic resonance image
    • Compression therapy in elderly and overweight patients
    • Foot-sparing postoperative compression bandage: a possible alternative to the traditional bandage
    • Thigh-length versus below-knee compression elastic stockings for prevention of the post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with proximal-venous thrombosis: a randomized trial
    • Compression therapy in mixed ulcers increases venous output and arterial perfusion
    • Acceptability and practicability of elastic compression stockings in the elderly: a randomized controlled evaluation
    • Safety and efficacy of mild compression (18 – 25 mmHg) therapy in patients with diabetes and lower extremity edema
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  • 24
    • Safety and efficacy of mild compression (18 – 25 mmHg) therapy in patients with diabetes and lower extremity edema
    • Therapy with compression stockings in Germany – results from the Bonn Vein Study
    • Unexpected venous diameter reduction by compression stocking of deep, but not of superficial veins. A case report.
    • Effect of multilayer high-compression bandaging on ankle range of motion and oxygen cost of walking
    • Use of custom-made stockings to control postoperative leg and foot edema following free tissue transfer and external fixation of fractures
    • Compression therapy for preventing recurrence of venous ulcers – Update of Cochrane Database
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  • 23
    • Thigh length vs. below knee compression stockings for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with proximal-venous thrombosis: a randomized trial
    • Compression hosiery for occupational leg symptoms and leg volume: a randomized crossover trial in a cohort of hairdressers
    • Using intermittent pneumatic compression therapy to improve quality of life for symptomatic patients with infrapopliteal diffuse peripheral obstructive disease
    • Compression stockings with a negative pressure gradient have a more pronounced effect on venous pumping function than graduated elastic compression stockings
    • Randomized controlled trial comparing treatment outcome of two compression bandaging systems and standard care without compression in patients with venous leg ulcers
    • Compression stockings with moderate pressure are able to reduce chronic leg oedema
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  • 22
    • Thigh-length versus below-knee stockings for deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis after stroke: a randomized trial
    • Compression versus sclerotherapy for patients with isolated refluxing reticular veins and telangiectasia: a randomized trial comparing quality-of-life outcomes
    • Prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing a new two-component compression system with inelastic multicomponent compression bandages in the treatment of leg lymphedema
    • Prospective randomized controlled trial to analyze the effects of intermittent pneumatic compression on edema following autologous femoropopliteal bypass surgery
    • Medical compression: effects on pulsatile leg blood flow
    • Compression therapy in mixed ulcers increases venous output and arterial perfusion
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  • 21
    • Acceptability and practicability of elastic compression stockings in the elderly: a randomized controlled evaluation
    • Impact of compression therapy on local microcirculation and histomorphology in venous leg ulcer
    • Compression therapy following invasive treatment in Phlebology
    • Cardio-respiratory and metabolic responses to different levels of compression during submaximal exercise
    • Clinical trials needed to evaluate compression therapy in breast cancer related lymphoedema (BCRL). Proposals from an expert group.
    • The care of patients with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: Clinical practice guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum
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  • 20
    • Multicenter randomized trial comparing compression with MCS versus bandage after surgery for varicose veins
    • Ultrasound Guided Foam Sclerotherapy: factors associated with outcomes and complications
    • Individually tailored duration of elastic compression therapy in relation to incidence of the postthrombotic syndrome
    • Is low compression pressure able to improve venous pumping function in patients with venous insufficiency?
    • Thigh compression after great saphenous surgery is more effective with high pressure
    • Inelastic bandages maintain their hemodynamic effectiveness over time despite significant pressure loss
    • The impact of intermittent pneumatic compression devices on deep venous flow velocity in patients with congestive heart failure
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  • 19
    • Ease of application of medical compression stocking systems for the treatment of venous ulcers
    • Compliance to compression therapy in patients with existing venous leg ulcers. Results of a cross –sectional study
    • Lower limb compression garment improves recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in young, active females
    • Venous leg ulcers: patient concordance with compression therapy and its impact on healing and prevention of recurrence
    • Physiological effects of wearing graduated compression stockings during running
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  • 18
    • Correlation between the static and dynamic stiffness indices of medical elastic compression stockings
    • Compression for venous leg ulcers
    • Randomized trial of medical compression stockings versus two-layer short-stretch bandaging in the management of venous leg ulcers
    • Inflammatory cytokine levels in chronic venous insufficiency ulcer tissue before and after compression therapy
    • A compression bandage improves local infiltration analgesia in total knee arthroplasty
    • Effectiveness of thigh-length graduated compression stockings to reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis after stroke (CLOTS trial 1): a multicentre randomised controlled trial
    • Combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression and pharmacological prophylaxis for prevention of venous thrombo-embolism in high-risk patients
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  • 17
    • Use of MCS in the general population – Data from the Bonn vein study
    • Compression after sclerotherapy for telangiectasias and reticular veins: A randomized controlled study
    • Compression therapy for occupational leg symptoms and chronic venous disorders – A meta analysis of randomised controlled trials
    • Leg symptoms of healthy people and their treatment with compression hosiery
    • Moderate strength MCS for the treatment of recalcitrant venous ulcers are not inferior to multilayer short-stretch bandages
    • The treatment of venous leg ulcers with a specifically designed compression stocking kit. Comparison with bandaging
    • Management of venous ulcers: A meta analysis of randomized studies comparing bandages with specifically designed stockings
    • Analysis of risk factors relevant to choose compression therapy for venous ulcers
    • Comparison of round with flat knitted medical compression stockings for the treatment of advanced stable lymphedema
    • Experiences by doctors and patients of MCS 20-36 mmHg in France
    • Biomechanics of MCS donning process
    • Key parameters of the putting on process: hydration, rubbing, friction, texture of the MCS
    • How to improve compliance of compression therapy (20-36 mmHg): How patients put on, wear and pull off their medical compression stockings (MCS); Testing an innovative MCS
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  • 16
    • The treatment of venous leg ulcers with a specifically designed compression stocking kit – Comparison with bandaging
    • Guidelines for diagnosis and therapy of venous ulcers (version 8-2008) – ICD10: 183.0 (without inflammation) and 183.2 (with inflammation)
    • Interface pressure and stiffness of various elastic stockings during posture changes and exercise
    • Role of MRI in investigating the effects of elastic compression stockings on the deformation of the superficial and deep veins in the lower leg
    • Compression stockings to prevent post-thrombotic syndrome: a role for anticoagulation clinics?
    • Inelastic compression increases venous ejection fraction more than elastic bandages in patients with superficial venous reflux
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  • 15
    • Compression therapy for occupational leg symptoms and chronic venous disorders – a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    • Guidelines for clinical studies with compression devices in patients with venous disorders
    • Indications for compression therapy in venous and lymphatic disease. Consensus based on experimental data and scientific evidence. Under the auspices of the UIP.
    • Effect of prolonged treatment with compression stockings to prevent post-thrombotic sequelae: A randomized controlled trial
    • Variation in the dynamic stiffness index of different types of medical elastic compression stockings
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  • 14
    • Prevalence and acceptance of therapy with medical compression stockings – Results from the Bonn Vein Study
    • Efficacy of elastic compression stockings used early of after resolution of the oedema on recanalization after deep venous thrombosis: The COM.PRE Trial
    • Randomised clinical trial of the duration of compression therapy after varicose vein surgery
    • Simultaneous changes of leg circumference and interface pressure under different compression bandages
    • Prevention of recurrence of venous ulceration: randomized controlled trial of class 2 and class 3 elastic compression
    • Superimposed elastic stockings: Pressure measurements
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  • 13
    • Compression after sclerotherapy for teleangiectasias and reticular veins: A randomized controlled study
    • Prevention of recurrence of venous ulceration: randomized controlled trial of class 2 and class 3 elastic compression
    • Compression with and without early ambulation in the prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome: a systematic review
    • Compression therapy after varicose vein surgery: results of a French national inquiery
    • Compression bandages, influence of techniques of use on their clinical efficacy and tolerance
    • Interface pressure and stiffness of ready made compression stockings: Comparison of in vivo and in vitro measurements
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  • 12
    • Healing venous ulcers with different modalities of leg compression – Unexpected findings of a pilot study
    • Effect of elastic compression stockings on oedema prevention in healthy controls evaluated by a three-dimensional measurement system
    • Compression stockings reduce occupational leg swelling
    • Intermittent pneumatic compression of the foot and calf improves the outcome of catheter-directed thrombolysis using low-dose urokinase in patients with acute proximal venous thrombosis of the leg
    • Guideline of the German Society of Phlebology: Medical Compression Stockings (MKS)
    • Superimposed Elastic Stockings: Pressure Measurements
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  • 11
    • Compression stockings for preventing deep vein thrombosis in airline passengers
    • Effects of elastic stockings on quality of life of patients with chronic venous insufficiency
    • Is compression bandaging accurate? The routine use of interface pressure measurements in compression bandaging of venous leg ulcers
    • Venous haemodynamic effects of anti-thromboembolism stockings
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  • 10
    • Graduated compression stockings as prophylaxis for flight-related venous thrombosis: systematic literature review
    • Measurement of lower leg compression in vivo: Recommendations for the performance of measurements of interface pressure and stiffness
    • Comparison of surgery and compression with compression alone in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR study): randomised controlled trial
    • The influence of superficial venous surgery and compression on incompetent calf perforators in chronic venous leg ulceration
    • Randomized clinical trial of compression plus surgery vs. compression alone in chronic venous ulceration (ESCHAR study) – haemodynamic and anatomical changes
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  • 9
    • Use of elastic compression stockings after deep venous thrombosis: a comparison of practices and perceptions of thrombosis physicians and patients
    • Use of Compression Stockings after Deep Vein Thrombosis in an International Survey – Results from a questionnaire
    • Guideline intermittent pneumatic compression
    • Immediate mobilisation in acute vein thrombosis reduces post-thrombotic syndrome
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  • 8
    • Below-knee elastic compression stockings to prevent the postthrombotic syndrome
    • The addition of manual lymph drainage to compression therapy for breast cancer related lymphedema: a randomized controlled trial
    • Compressive therapy after varicose vein surgery: results of a French national inquiry
    • Guideline of the German Society of Phlebology – MCS
    • Influence of compression therapy on the paracellular barrier
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  • 7
    • Evidence based compression therapy
    • Non-pharmaceutical measures for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome (Cochrane Review)
    • Compression therapy for treating stage I and II (Widmer) post-thrombotic syndrome (Cochrane Review)
    • Conférence Internationale de Consensus sur la Compression (International Consensus Conference on Compresssion)
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  • 6
    • Randomized clinical trial of three-layer paste and four-layer bandages for venous leg ulcers
    • Randomized clinical trial of varicose vein surgery with compression vs. compression alone for the treatment of venous ulceration
    • Multilayer compression: Comparison of four different four-layer bandage systems applied to the leg
    • Combination of hydrocolloid dressing and medical compression stocking versus Unna’s boot for the treatment of venous leg ulcers
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  • 5
    • How to utilize compression after sclerotherapy
    • Comparative study of the effectiveness of class 1 compression stockings on the symptomatology of early chronic venous disease
    • Therapy of acute deep vein thrombosis and prevention of the post-thrombotic syndrome
    • Graduated compression stocking manages to prevent economy class syndrome
    • Epidemiological study to investigate the prevalence and severity of chronic venous disorders in the urban and rural residential populations
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  • 4
    • The Oedema – Protective effect of lycra support stockings
    • Does thigh compression improve venous haemodynamics in
    • chronic venous insufficiency?
    • Compression profiles of anti-embolic stockings
    • Effect of posture on the pressure exerted by below-knee Class II compression stockings on normal subjects
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  • 3
    • Introducing controlled outpatient management of deep venous thrombosis: A feasibility study with 827 patients
    • Recurrence of chronic venous ulcers on the basis of clinical, etiologic, anatomic, and pathophysiologic criteria and air plethysmography
    • Effects of Compression Hosiery in Female Workers with a Standing Profession
    • Why insurers should reimburse for compression stockings in patients with chronic venous stasis?
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  • 2
    • Prevention and Treatment of Postphlebitic Syndrome. Results of a 3-Part-Study
    • Medizinische Kompressionstherapie
    • Current approaches to venous ulcers and compression
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  • 1
    • Acceptance of different therapies in phlebology
    • Post-sclerotherapy compression: Controlled comparative study of duration of compression and its effects on clinical outcome
    • Compression and walking versus bed rest in the treatment of proximal deep venous thrombosis with low molecular weight heparin
    • Frequency and prevention of symptomless deep-vein thrombosis in long-haul flights: A randomised trial
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